Tierdermatologie Deisenhofen Consultations
Alopecia is correctly defined as a complete loss of hair. It can occur at a
single site, or in a multifocal or patchy pattern. Hypotrichosis is sometimes
called partial alopecia, it is perhaps helpful to think of hypotrichosis as a
thinning of the haircoat.
When examining a case of alopecia it is important to distinguish carefully
between inflammatory and non-inflammatory alopecia, because each of these
is generally associated with a different group of differential diagnoses.
Erythema, epidermal collarettes, excessive scaling, oily seborrhoea,
comedones, papules and pustules are all lesions which give clues for
Common infectious causes of inflammatory alopecia include demodex,
dermatophytes, bacteria and yeast. Demodex and dermatophytes cause alopecia as a
direct result of their presence within the hair follicles/ on the hair shafts and then
additionally sometimes as a result of an associated pruritus.
It is unusual for a primary hypersensitivity to cause inflammatory alopecia without the
presence of a secondary infection. The presence of bacteria and yeast is typically
secondary to an underlying hypersensitivity or hormonal disease.
Hairloss, complete or partial (hypotrichosis) with no other skin abnormalities is
typically associated with either an endocrine or primary follicular growth
abnormality - such as a follicular dysplasia. It is however, also seen in early stage
demodicosis and dermatophytosis and with some unusual diseases such as alopecia
Hyperpigmentation is associated with endocrinopathies and can be a
post-inflammatory change, but may be a non-specific accompanying sign secondary
simply to the loss of the hair.
Multifocal areas of
non-inflammatory alopecia and
hypotrichosis in pug with
Alopecia and hypotrichosis
with erythema and
hyperpigmentation and a
marked follicular pattern in a
Labrador with demodecosis